Variability in urinary phthalates, phenols, and parabens across childhood and relation to adolescent breast composition in Chilean girls

Yoon, Lara S.; Binder, Alexandra M.; Pereira, Ana; Calafat, Antonia M.; Shepherd, John; Corval, Camila; Michels, Karin B.


Background: Epidemiologic evidence suggests that environmental factors acting as endocrine disrupting chem-icals (EDCs) are associated with mammographic breast density and the risk of breast cancer. Exposure to EDCs during puberty, a period of rapid breast development, may affect susceptibility to breast carcinogenesis.Methods: In a cohort of 366 Chilean adolescents from the Growth and Obesity Cohort Study, we evaluated the relation between urinary concentrations of 15 suspected EDC biomarkers across three pubertal time points (Tanner breast stage 1 (B1), 4 (B4), and 1-year post-menarche) and breast fibroglandular volume (FGV; percent FGV [%FGV] and absolute FGV [aFGV]) and total breast volume (tBV) at 2-years post-menarche. We used linear mixed models to test differences in creatinine-corrected EDC biomarker concentrations at B4 and 1-year post -menarche compared to B1 and calculated intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) of EDC concentrations across time points to appraise the consistency of measurements. We fit multivariable generalized estimating equations (GEEs) to evaluate windows of susceptibility for the association between log10-transformed EDCs and log10-transformed breast outcomes. GEEs were adjusted for age, body fat percentage, total caloric intake, and maternal education.Results: Urinary EDC biomarker concentrations highly varied across pubertal time points (ICC range 0.01-0.30). For 12 EDCs, biomarker concentrations decreased over time. Triclosan measured at 1-year post-menarche was inversely associated with %FGV at 2-years post-menarche (beta =-0.025, 95 % confidence interval =-0.041,-0.008). Mono(2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl) phthalate and the sum of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate metabolite con-centrations at B4 were positively associated with aFGV and tBV at 2-years post-menarche. No measured phenols were associated with aFGV and tBV, while no measured parabens were associated with %FGV and aFGV. Conclusions: Our study suggests relatively high variability in EDC biomarker concentrations across the peri-pubertal time period. We also found evidence to suggest that there may be pubertal windows of susceptibility to select EDCs for the association with adolescent breast density.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000878775600003 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 170
Fecha de publicación: 2022


Notas: ISI