Chronic Polyphenon-60 or Catechin Treatments Increase Brain Monoamines Syntheses and Hippocampal SIRT1 LEVELS Improving Cognition in Aged Rats

Ramis, Margarita R.; Sarubbo, Fiorella; Tejada, Silvia; Jimenez, Manuel; Esteban, Susana; Miralles, Antoni; Moranta, David


Polyphenolic compounds from green tea have great interest due to its large CONSUMPTION and therapeutic potential on the age-associated brain decline. The current work compares a similar dose regimen of a whole-green-tea extract and catechin in old rats over the course of 36 days. Results showed a significant improvement in visuo-spatial working memory and episodic memory of old rats after polyphenolic compounds administration assessed by behavioral tests. No effects were observed on the age-associated motor coordination decline. Statistically, results were correlated with significant improvements, mainly in hippocampal and striatal noradrenergic and serotonergic systems, but also with the striatal dopaminergic system. Both polyphenolic treatments also reverted the age-associated reduction of the neuroinflammation by modulating protein sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) expression in hippocampus, but no effects were observed in the usual reduction of the histone-binding protein RBAP46/48 protein linked to aging. These results are in line with previous ones obtained with other polyphenolic compounds, suggesting a general protective effect of all these compounds on the age-associated brain decline, pointing to a reduction of the oxidative stress and neuroinflammatory status reduction as the leading mechanisms. Results also reinforce the relevance of SIRT1-mediated mechanism on the neuroprotective effect and rule out the participation of RBAP46/48 protein.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000522458700053 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: NUTRIENTS
Volumen: 12
Número: 2
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2020


Notas: ISI