Physiological biomarkers in loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) as a tool for monitoring sanitary evolution in marine recovery centres

Pinya, Samuel; Renga, Emanuela; Fernandez, Gloria; Mateu-Vicens, Guillem; Tejada, Silvia; Capo, Xavier; Sureda, Antoni


The loggerhead turtle, Caretta caretta, is a very vulnerable species to human action which means that numerous specimens arrive at the recovery centres to be treated until they can be returned to the natural environment. The aim of the present study was to investigate the physiological evolution of C. caretta specimens that have entered a recovery centre by using oxidative stress biomarkers. Plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells of specimens were obtained at different periods: the day of arrival at the recovery centre (day 1), at 3, 9, and 30 days later, and a final sample collected before the animal was returned to the sea. The average residence time in the centre until the return to the sea was 58.5 +/- 6.1 days. The activities of antioxidant enzymes - catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione reductase, and glutathione peroxidase activities in immune cells and CAT and SOD in plasma - progressively decreased throughout the recovery time. Similarly, H2O2 production by immune cells after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and zymosan activation progressively decreased with the recovery process. Also, malondialdehyde (MDA), as a marker of lipid peroxidation, and the activity of the pro-oxidant myeloperoxidase were significantly decreased throughout the recovery process. In conclusion, the results evidenced that the turtles presented a high level of oxidative stress upon arrival at the recovery centre, which was normalized along with their rehabilitation. Oxidative stress biomarkers are a good tool to monitor the recovery process in C. caretta complementary to the veterinary control. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000604432900121 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 757
Editorial: Elsevier
Fecha de publicación: 2021


Notas: ISI