Animal Fat Intake Is Associated with Albuminuria in Patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Metabolic Syndrome

Abbate, Manuela; Mascaro, Catalina M.; Montemayor, Sofia; Barberia-Latasa, Maria; Casares, Miguel; Gomez, Cristina; Ugarriza, Lucia; Tejada, Silvia; Abete, Itziar; Zulet, Maria Angeles; Sureda, Antoni; Martinez, J. Alfredo; Tur, Josep A.


Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Diet could play a predisposing role in the development of increased albuminuria in patients with NAFLD and MetS; however, published evidence is still limited. The aim of this cross-sectional analysis was to assess whether dietary fats are associated with changes in urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) in 146 patients aged 40-60-years with NAFLD and MetS. Dietary data were collected by food frequency questionnaire; UACR was measured in a single first morning void. Sources and types of dietary fats used in the analysis were total fat, fats from animal and vegetable sources, saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, and trans fats. One-way analysis of variance was performed to assess differences in dietary fats intakes across stages of UACR. The association between dietary fats and UACR was assessed by Pearson's correlation coefficient and multivariable linear regression. Patients with increased UACR showed a worse cardiometabolic profile and higher intakes of animal fat, as compared to patients with normal levels of albuminuria. Animal fat intake was associated with mean UACR, independent of potential covariates.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000662433100001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: NUTRIENTS
Volumen: 13
Número: 5
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2021


Notas: ISI