Cross-sectional association between non-soy legume consumption, serum uric acid and hyperuricemia: the PREDIMED-Plus study

Becerra-Tomas, Nerea; Mena-Sanchez, Guillermo; Diaz-Lopez, Andres; Angel Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel; Babio, Nancy; Corella, Dolores; Freixer, Gala; Romaguera, Dora; Vioque, Jesus; Alonso-Gomez, Angel M.; Warnberg, Julia; Alfredo Martinez, J.; Serra-Majem, Lluis; Estruch, Ramon; Carlos Fernandez-Garcia, Jose; et. al.


Purpose To assess the association between the consumption of non-soy legumes and different subtypes of non-soy legumes and serum uric acid (SUA) or hyperuricemia in elderly individuals with overweight or obesity and metabolic syndrome. Methods A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in the framework of the PREDIMED-Plus study. We included 6329 participants with information on non-soy legume consumption and SUA levels. Non-soy legume consumption was estimated using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Linear regression models and Cox regression models were used to assess the associations between tertiles of non-soy legume consumption, different subtypes of non-soy legume consumption and SUA levels or hyperuricemia prevalence, respectively. Results Individuals in the highest tertile (T3) of total non-soy legume, lentil and pea consumption, had 0.14 mg/dL, 0.19 mg/dL and 0.12 mg/dL lower SUA levels, respectively, compared to those in the lowest tertile (T1), which was considered the reference one. Chickpea and dry bean consumption showed no association. In multivariable models, participants located in the top tertile of total non-soy legumes [prevalence ratio (PR): 0.89; 95% CI 0.82-0.97;ptrend = 0.01, lentils (PR: 0.89; 95% CI 0.82-0.97;ptrend = 0.01), dry beans (PR: 0.91; 95% C: 0.84-0.99;ptrend = 0.03) and peas (PR: 0.89; 95% CI 0.82-0.97;ptrend = 0.01)] presented a lower prevalence of hyperuricemia (vs. the bottom tertile). Chickpea consumption was not associated with hyperuricemia prevalence. Conclusions In this study of elderly subjects with metabolic syndrome, we observed that despite being a purine-rich food, non-soy legumes were inversely associated with SUA levels and hyperuricemia prevalence.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000546963100037 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 59
Número: 5
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Página de inicio: 2195
Página final: 2206


Notas: ISI