Antitumoral Activity of Leptocarpha rivularis Flower Extracts against Gastric Cancer Cells

Carrasco, Nicolas; Garrido, Maritza; Montenegro, Ivan; Madrid, Alejandro; Hartley, Ricardo; Gonzalez, Ivan; Rubilar, Mariaignacia; Villena, Joan; Valenzuela-Valderrama, Manuel


Leptocarpha rivularis is a native South American plant used ancestrally by Mapuche people to treat gastrointestinal ailments. L. rivularis flower extracts are rich in molecules with therapeutic potential, including the sesquiterpene lactone leptocarpin, which displays cytotoxic effects against various cancer types in vitro. However, the combination of active molecules in these extracts could offer a hitherto unexplored potential for targeting cancer. In this study, we investigated the effect of L. rivularis flower extracts on the proliferation, survival, and spread parameters of gastric cancer cells in vitro. Gastric cancer (AGS and MKN-45) and normal immortalized (GES-1) cell lines were treated with different concentrations of L. rivularis flower extracts (DCM, Hex, EtOAc, and EtOH) and we determined the changes in proliferation (MTS assay, cell cycle analysis), cell viability/cytotoxicity (trypan blue exclusion assay, DEVDase activity, mitochondrial membrane potential MMP, and clonogenic ability), senescence (beta-galactosidase activity) and spread potential (invasion and migration assays using the Boyden chamber approach) in all these cells. The results showed that the DCM, EtOAc, and Hex extracts display a selective antitumoral effect in gastric cancer cells by affecting all the cancer parameters tested. These findings reveal an attractive antitumoral potential of L. rivularis flower extracts by targeting several acquired capabilities of cancer cells.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000915329500001 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 24
Número: 2
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2023


Notas: ISI