Evaluating a Surface Energy Balance Model for Partially Wetted Surfaces: Drip and Micro-Sprinkler Systems in Hazelnut Orchards (Corylus Avellana L.)

Souto, Camilo; Lagos, Octavio; Holzapfel, Eduardo; Ruybal, Christopher; Bryla, David R.; Vidal, Gladys

Abstract

A multi-layer surface energy balance model was previously developed to estimate crop transpiration (T) and soil evaporation (E) in orchards partially wet by micro-irrigation systems. The model, referred to as SEB-PW, estimates latent (lambda E), sensible (H), and soil heat fluxes (G) and separates actual evapotranspiration (ETa) into dry and wet soil E and crop T. The main goal of this work was to evaluate the ability of the SEB-PW model to estimate ETa and analyze the diurnal and seasonal dynamics of E and T in two hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) orchards irrigated by drip or micro-sprinkler systems. The assessment showed that simulated hourly ET was highly correlated with estimates from nearby weather stations and with measurements from micro-lysimeters (MLs). Hourly ET estimates were evaluated by root-mean-square error (RMSE), mean absolute error (MAE), the Nash-Sutcliffe coefficient (NSE), and the index of agreement (da), which equaled 58.6 W m(-2), 35.6 W m(-2), 0.85, and 0.94, respectively. Daily E estimates were also evaluated and equaled 0.27 mm day(-1), 0.21 mm day(-1), 0.87, and 0.94, respectively, and obtained a coefficient of determination (r(2)) of 0.85 when compared to the measurements from the MLs. Within a day of irrigation, E accounted for 28 and 46% of ET. In accordance with the obtained results, the proposed SEB-PW model improves estimates of soil E by allowing the wetted and non-wetted areas to be estimated separately, which could be useful for optimizing irrigation methods and practices in hazelnut orchards.

Más información

Título según WOS: ID WOS:000904872000001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: WATER
Volumen: 14
Número: 24
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2022
DOI:

10.3390/w14244011

Notas: ISI