Palmitic and Stearic Acids Inhibit Chaperone-Mediated Autophagy (CMA) in POMC-like Neurons In Vitro

Espinosa, Rodrigo; Gutierrez, Karla; Rios, Javiera; Ormeno, Fernando; Yanten, Liliana; Galaz-Davison, Pablo; Ramirez-Sarmiento, Cesar A.; Parra, Valentina; Albornoz, Amelina; Alfaro, Ivan E.; Burgos, Patricia, V; Morselli, Eugenia; Criollo, Alfredo; Budini, Mauricio


The intake of food with high levels of saturated fatty acids (SatFAs) is associated with the development of obesity and insulin resistance. SatFAs, such as palmitic (PA) and stearic (SA) acids, have been shown to accumulate in the hypothalamus, causing several pathological consequences. Autophagy is a lysosomal-degrading pathway that can be divided into macroautophagy, microautophagy, and chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA). Previous studies showed that PA impairs macroautophagy function and insulin response in hypothalamic proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons. Here, we show in vitro that the exposure of POMC neurons to PA or SA also inhibits CMA, possibly by decreasing the total and lysosomal LAMP2A protein levels. Proteomics of lysosomes from PA- and SA-treated cells showed that the inhibition of CMA could impact vesicle formation and trafficking, mitochondrial components, and insulin response, among others. Finally, we show that CMA activity is important for regulating the insulin response in POMC hypothalamic neurons. These in vitro results demonstrate that CMA is inhibited by PA and SA in POMC-like neurons, giving an overview of the CMA-dependent cellular pathways that could be affected by such inhibition and opening a door for in vivo studies of CMA in the context of the hypothalamus and obesity.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000775778500001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: CELLS
Volumen: 11
Número: 6
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2022


Notas: ISI