Chemical characterization and microencapsulation of extracellular fungal pigments

Contreras-Machuca, Paulina I.; Avello, Marcia; Pastene, Edgar; Machuca, Angela; Aranda, Mario; Hernandez, Vicente; Fernandez, Marcos


In this work, extracellular colored metabolites obtained from the filamentous fungi Talaromyces australis and Penicillium murcianum, isolated in the Andean-Patagonian native forests of Chile, were studied as prospect compounds to increase the sustainability of cosmetic products. The chemical and antioxidant properties of these natural pigments were characterized and strategies for their microencapsulation were also studied. UHPLC/MS-MS analyses indicated that the predominant metabolites detected in the cultures of P. murcianum were monascin (m/z = 411.15) and monashexenone (m/z = 319.10), while athrorosin H (m/z = 458.20) and damnacanthal (m/z = 281.05) were detected in cultures of T. australis. ORAC tests revealed that P. murcianum's metabolites had the greatest antioxidant properties with values higher than 2000 mu mol of trolox equivalents/g. The fungal metabolites were successfully microencapsulated by ionic gelation into structures made of 1.3% sodium alginate, 0.2% chitosan, and 0.07% hyaluronic acid. The microencapsulation process generated structures of 543.57 +/- 0.13 mu m of mean diameter (d(50)) with an efficiency of 30% for P. murcianum, and 329.59 +/- 0.15 mu m of mean diameter (d(50)) and 40% efficiency, for T. australis. The chemical and biological characterization show the biotechnological potential of these fungal species to obtain pigments with antioxidant activity that could be useful in the cosmetic industry. The encapsulation process enables the production of easy-to-handle dry powder from the fungal metabolites, which could be potentially marketed as a functional cosmetic ingredient.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000882352500003 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 106
Número: 24
Editorial: Springer
Fecha de publicación: 2022
Página de inicio: 8021
Página final: 8034


Notas: ISI