Association between Functional Fitness and Health-Related Quality of Life in the Balearic Islands' Old Adults with Metabolic Syndrome

Conde-Pipo, Javier; Bouzas, Cristina; Mariscal-Arcas, Miguel; Tur, Josep A.


Research assessing the relationship between functional fitness (FF) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is still scarce. The objective of this research is to assess the association between FF and HRQoL in older adults with metabolic syndrome (MetS) from Balearic Islands (Spain). The design is a cross-sectional, descriptive, and comparative study involving 209 participants (42.2% women). The sociodemographic data and medical history of the participants were collected. Physical activity was evaluated using the Spanish version of the Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity Questionnaire. Anthropometrics and blood pressure were measured. Glucose, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride plasma levels were measured. A battery of functional fitness tests was applied. HRQoL was measured with the Spanish version of the SF-36 questionnaire. Adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern was assessed. In older subjects with MetS, a higher FF score and, within it, endurance, lower body strength, one-leg balance, and agility are positively associated with lower physical function (p 0.001; d = 0.56), better general health (p = 0.019; d = 0.35), and better summary physical component of HRQoL (p 0.001; d = 0.57). The FF score and HRQoL physical component are both positively associated with high levels of physical activity (ORadj = 10.3, IC 4.19-28.2, p 0.001; ORadj = 3.25, IC 1.44-7.72, p 0.005). Older adults with MetS should consider practicing physical activity above the general recommendations to improve their functional fitness and health status and quality of life.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000794655200001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: NUTRIENTS
Volumen: 14
Número: 9
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2022


Notas: ISI