Safety and Immunogenicity of a Chimeric Subunit Vaccine against Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli in Pregnant Cows

Vidal, Roberto M.; Montero, David A.; Del Canto, Felipe; Salazar, Juan C.; Arellano, Carolina; Alvarez, Alhejandra; Padola, Nora L.; Moscuzza, Hernan; Etcheverria, Analia; Fernandez, Daniel; Velez, Victoria; Garcia, Mauro; Colello, Rocio; Sanz, Marcelo; Onate, Angel


Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is a zoonotic pathogen that causes gastroenteritis and Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome. Cattle are the main animal reservoir, excreting the bacteria in their feces and contaminating the environment. In addition, meat can be contaminated by releasing the intestinal content during slaughtering. Here, we evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of a vaccine candidate against STEC that was formulated with two chimeric proteins (Chi1 and Chi2), which contain epitopes of the OmpT, Cah and Hes proteins. Thirty pregnant cows in their third trimester of gestation were included and distributed into six groups (n = 5 per group): four groups were administered intramuscularly with three doses of the formulation containing 40 mu g or 100 mu g of each protein plus the Quil-A or Montanide (TM) Gel adjuvants, while two control groups were administered with placebos. No local or systemic adverse effects were observed during the study, and hematological parameters and values of blood biochemical indicators were similar among all groups. Furthermore, all vaccine formulations triggered systemic anti-Chi1/Chi2 IgG antibody levels that were significantly higher than the control groups. However, specific IgA levels were generally low and without significant differences among groups. Notably, anti-Chi1/Chi2 IgG antibody levels in the serum of newborn calves fed with colostrum from their immunized dams were significantly higher compared to newborn calves fed with colostrum from control cows, suggesting a passive immunization through colostrum. These results demonstrate that this vaccine is safe and immunogenic when applied to pregnant cows during the third trimester of gestation.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000930303300001 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 24
Número: 3
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2023


Notas: ISI