Mechanochemical Synthesis and Structure of Lithium Tetrahaloaluminates, LiAlX4 (X = Cl, Br, I): A Family of Li-Ion Conducting Ternary Halides

Flores-Gonzalez, Nicolas; Minafra, Nicolo; Dewald, Georg; Reardon, Hazel; Smith, Ronald, I; Adams, Stefan; Zeier, Wolfgang G.; Gregory, Duncan H.


State-of-the-art oxides and sulfides with high Li-ion conductivity and good electrochemical stability are among the most promising candidates for solid-state electrolytes in secondary batteries. Yet emerging halides offer promising alternatives because of their intrinsic low Li+ migration energy barriers, high electrochemical oxidative stability, and beneficial mechanical properties. Mechanochemical synthesis has enabled the characterization of LiAlX4 compounds to be extended and the iodide, LiAlI4, to be synthesized for the first time (monoclinic P2(1)/c, Z = 4; a = 8.0846(1) angstrom; b = 7.4369(1) angstrom; c = 14.8890(2) angstrom; beta = 93.0457(8)degrees). Of the tetrahaloaluminates, LiAlBr4 exhibited the highest ionic conductivity at room temperature (0.033 mS cm(-1)), while LiAlCl4 showed a conductivity of 0.17 mS cm-1 at 333 K, coupled with the highest thermal and oxidative stability. Modeling of the diffusion pathways suggests that the Li-ion transport mechanism in each tetrahaloaluminate is closely related and mediated by both halide polarizability and concerted complex anion motions.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000648431100016 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: ACS MATERIALS LETTERS
Volumen: 3
Número: 5
Fecha de publicación: 2021
Página de inicio: 652
Página final: 657


Notas: ISI