Effects of Site Geometry and Local Composition on Hydrogenation of Surface Carbon to Methane on Ni, Co, and NiCo Catalysts

Godoy, Sebastian; Deshlahra, Prashant; Villagra-Soza, Francisco; Karelovic, Alejandro; Jimenez, Romel


Surface carbon deposits deactivate Ni and Co catalysts in reactions involving hydrocarbons and COx. Electronic properties, adsorption energies of H, C, and CHx species, and the energetics of the hydrogenation of surface C atom to methane are studied for (100) and (111) surfaces of monometallic Ni and Co, and bimetallic NiCo. The bimetallic catalyst exhibits a Co -> Ni electron donation and a concomitant increase in the magnetization of Co atoms. The CHx species resulting from sequential hydrogenation are more stable on Co than on Ni atoms of the NiCo surfaces due to more favorable (C-H)-Co agostic interactions. These interactions and differences between Co and Ni sites are more significant for (111) than for (100) bimetallic surfaces. On (111) surfaces, CH is the most stable species, and the first hydrogenation of C atom exhibits the highest barrier, followed by the CH3 hydrogenation steps. In contrast, on (100) surfaces, surface C atom is the most stable species and CH2 or *CH3 hydrogenations exhibit the highest barriers. The Gibbs free energy profiles suggest that C removal on (111) surfaces is thermodynamically favorable and exhibits a lower barrier than on the (100) surfaces. Thus, the (100) surfaces, especially Ni(100), are more prone to C poisoning. The NiCo(100) surfaces exhibit weaker binding of C and CHx species than Ni(100) and Co(100), which improves C poisoning resistance and lowers hydrogenation barriers. These results show that the electronic effects of alloying Ni and Co strongly depend on the local site composition and geometry.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000885804300001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: CATALYSTS
Volumen: 12
Número: 11
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2022


Notas: ISI