Moringa oleifera gum capped MgO nanoparticles: Synthesis, characterization, cyto- and ecotoxicity assessment
Nano-based drug delivery research is increasing due to the therapeutic applications for human health care. However, traditional chemical capping-based synthesis methods lead to unwanted toxicity effects. Hence, there is an urgent need for green synthesis-based and biocompatible synthesis methods. The current work describes for the first time the green synthesis of Moringa gum-capped MgO nanoparticles (Mgm-MgO NPs). Their antioxidant activity, hemolysis potential, cytotoxicity, phytotoxicity, toxicity by chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) chick embryo assay and in vivo toxicity in zebrafish embryos were described. The Mgm-MgO NPs exhibited significant antioxidant activity. The Mgm-MgO NPs at 500 mu g/ml produced significant hemolysis (72.54 %), while lower concentrations did not. Besides, the cytotoxicity assessment of the Mgm-MgO NPs was conducted in PA-1 cells from human ovarian teratocarcinoma by MTT assay. The Mgm-MgO NPs (0.1-500 mu g/ml) considerably reduced the viability of PA-1 cells. Furthermore, Mgm-MgO NPs had no significant effect on seed germination but had a significant effect on root and shoot length of mungbean (Vigna radiata). Additionally, the CAM assay was used to analyze the antiangiogenic potential of Mgm-MgO NPs, exhibiting no significant alterations after 72 h. Finally, the zebrafish embryotoxicity assay revealed that the Mgm-MgO NPs (0.1-500 mu g/ml) did not affect morphology, mortality or survival rate.
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|ID WOS:000934102600001 Not found in local WOS DB
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|INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL MACROMOLECULES
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