Cloning of the cytochrome p450 reductase (crtR) gene and its involvement in the astaxanthin biosynthesis of Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous
Background. The yeast Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous synthesizes astaxanthin, a carotenoid with high commercial interest. The proposed biosynthetic route in this organism is isopentenyl-pyrophosphate (IPP) â†’ geranyleranyl pyrophosphate (GGPP) â†’ phytoene â†’ lycopene â†’ Î²-carotene â†’ astaxanthin. Recently, it has been published that the conversion of Î²-carotene into astaxanthin requires only one enzyme, astaxanthin synthase or CrtS, encoded by crtS gene. This enzyme belongs to the cytochrome P450 protein family. Results. In this work, a crtR gene was isolated from X. dendrorhous yeast, which encodes a cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR) that provides CrtS with the necessary electrons for substrate oxygenation. We determined the structural organization of the crtR gene and its location in the yeast electrophoretic karyotype. Two transformants, CBSTr and T13, were obtained by deleting the crtR gene and inserting a hygromycin B resistance cassette. The carotenoid composition of the transformants was altered in relation to the wild type strain. CBSTr forms yellow colonies because it is unable to produce astaxanthin, hence accumulating Î²-carotene. T13 forms pale colonies because its astaxanthin content is reduced and its Î²-carotene content is increased. Conclusion. In addition to the crtS gene, X. dendrorhous requires a novel gene, crtR, for the conversion of Î²-carotene to astaxanthin. Â© 2008 AlcaÃno et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
|Título según WOS:||Cloning of the cytochrome p450 reductase (crtR) gene and its involvement in the astaxanthin biosynthesis of Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Cloning of the cytochrome p450 reductase (crtR) gene and its involvement in the astaxanthin biosynthesis of Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous|
|Título de la Revista:||BMC MICROBIOLOGY|
|Fecha de publicación:||2008|