Inequalities by sex on remaining teeth in adults: A decomposition analysis

Borgeat, Marjorie; Espinoza, Iris; Navarro, Karina; Carvajal, Claudia; Carvajal, Paola


ObjectiveTo identify which social determinants of health explain the gap in the remaining teeth between men and women. MethodsA secondary analysis of data from the Chilean National Health Survey (CNHS) 2016-2017 was performed on the number of remaining teeth in adults. The explanatory variables were organized into structural and intermediate social determinants of health according to the WHO framework. The contribution of both groups and the contribution of each individual explanatory variable to the remaining teeth gap was estimated using the Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition analysis. ResultsThe predicted average number of remaining teeth for men was 23.4 and 21.0 for women, thus a mean difference of 2.4 teeth. 49.8% of the inequality between men and women was due to the different distribution (endowments) of the predictors in the model. Among them, structural determinants of health, namely education level (15.8%) and employment status (17.8%), contributed the most. Intermediate determinants had no relevant contribution to explain the gap. ConclusionsResults revealed that the difference in the mean number of remaining teeth between men and women was mainly explained by two structural determinants: education level and employment status. The lack of explanatory power of intermediate determinants and the large explanatory power of structural determinants means that tackling oral health inequity in Chile requires strong political commitment. The role of intersectoral and intersectional public policies to address gender inequalities in oral health in Chile is discussed.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000995119100001 Not found in local WOS DB
Editorial: Wiley
Fecha de publicación: 2023


Notas: ISI