The meningeal lymphatic vasculature in neuroinflammation

Olate-Briones, Alexandra; Escalona, Emilia; Salazar, Celia; Jose Herrada, Maria; Liu, Chaohong; Herrada, Andres A.; Escobedo, Noelia


The lymphatic vasculature is a unidirectional network of lymphatic endothelial cells, whose main role is to maintain fluid homeostasis along with the absorption of dietary fat in the gastrointestinal organs and management and coordination of immune cell trafficking into lymph nodes during homeostasis and under inflammatory conditions. In homeostatic conditions, immune cells, such as dendritic cells, macrophages, or T cells can enter into the lymphatic vasculature and move easily through the lymph reaching secondary lymph nodes where immune cell activation or peripheral tolerance can be modulated. However, under inflammatory conditions such as pathogen infection, increased permeabilization of lymphatic vessels allows faster immune cell migration into inflamed tissues following a chemokine gradient, facilitating pathogen clearance and the resolution of inflammation. Interestingly, since the re-discovery of lymphatic vasculature in the central nervous system, known as the meningeal lymphatic vasculature, the role of these lymphatics as a key player in several neurological disorders has been described, with emphasis on the neurodegenerative process. Alternatively, less has been discussed about meningeal lymphatics and its role in neuroinflammation. In this review, we discuss current knowledge about the anatomy and function of the meningeal lymphatic vasculature and specifically analyze its contribution to different neuroinflammatory processes, highlighting the potential therapeutic target of meningeal lymphatic vasculature in these pathological conditions.

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Título según WOS: The meningeal lymphatic vasculature in neuroinflammation
Título de la Revista: FASEB JOURNAL
Volumen: 36
Número: 5
Editorial: Wiley
Fecha de publicación: 2022


Notas: ISI