"Effect of time-restricted feeding on high-fat diet-induced metabolic dysfunction in Drosophila melanogaster"

Salgado-Canales, Daniela; Quenti, Daniela; Lourido, Fernanda; Cifuentes, Mariana; Tobar, Nicolas


Background: Metabolic alterations associated with obesity have been related to chronodisruption i.e., the desynchronization of molecular clocks that regulate circadian rhythms. The search for tools that improve the dietary treatment of obesity has recently focused on behaviors related to chronodisruption, and intermittent fasting is increasingly gaining interest. Studies in animal models have identified the benefits of time-restricted feeding (TRF) on metabolic alterations associated with changes in circadian rhythms induced by a high-fat diet. We aimed to evaluate the effect of TRF in flies with metabolic damage and chronodisruption. Methods: Using high-fat diet fed Drosophila melanogaster as a model of metabolic damage and chronodisruption, we determined the impact of 12-h TRF on metabolic and molecular markers. Flies with metabolic dysfunction were switched to a control diet and randomly assigned to Ad libitum or a TRF regimen for seven days. We evaluated total triglyceride content, glycemia, weight, and 24 h mRNA expression rhythms of Nlaz (insulin resistance marker), clock genes (circadian rhythm molecular markers), and the neuropeptide Cch-amide2. Results: Flies with metabolic damage that received TRF showed lower total triglyceride content, Nlaz expression, circulating glucose, and weight compared to Ad libitum. We observed the recovery of some of the high-fat dietinduced alterations in the amplitude of the circadian rhythm, particularly in the peripheral clock. Conclusions: TRF produced a partial reversal of metabolic dysfunction and chronodisruption of circadian cycles. General significance: TRF could be a useful tool to help to ameliorate metabolic and chronobiologic damage induced by a high-fat diet.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:001002715200001 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 1869
Número: 6
Editorial: Elsevier
Fecha de publicación: 2023


Notas: ISI