Using Waste Brine from Desalination Plant as a Source of Industrial Water in Copper Mining Industry

Cruz, Constanza; Herrera-Leon, Sebastian; Calisaya-Azpilcueta, Daniel; Salazar, Ruth; Cisternas, Luis A.; Kraslawski, Andrzej


One of the main challenges of seawater desalination is a large volume of waste brine production that is commonly discharged into the sea and may threaten the marine ecosystem. This is critical in regions where conventional water resources are scarce and desalinated seawater is an alternative to meet water demand. Especially in regions where the mining industry is a key player in the economic development. The novelty of this research consists in the determination of the potential use of waste brine, discharged from the reverse osmosis process, as a source of industrial water in copper mining industry. To enable the waste brine applicability, there should be reduced calcium and magnesium ions concentration for improving copper recovery in the froth flotation process. The flotation tests were conducted in a batch cell with synthetic minerals composed of chalcopyrite, kaolinite, and quartz using different water qualities. The results showed that treated waste brine significantly improved copper recovery compared to untreated waste brine and seawater. Similar copper recovery was achieved when flotation test was performed with tap water and treated waste brine. Therefore, treated waste brine could provide a suitable water quality required in the froth flotation process as an alternative non-conventional water resource.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000857768800001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: MINERALS
Volumen: 12
Número: 9
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2022


Notas: ISI