Latent Profiles of Premorbid Adjustment in Schizophrenia and Their Correlation with Measures of Recovery

Caqueo-Urizar, Alejandra; Ponce-Correa, Felipe; Semir-Gonzalez, Carla; Urzua, Alfonso


Premorbid adjustment (PA) has classically been defined as psychosocial functioning in the areas of education, occupation, social and interpersonal relationships prior to evidence of characteristic positive symptomatology. It is a concept which possesses ample evidence regarding its predictive nature for the course of Schizophrenia. The study aimed to analyze the latent profiles of premorbid adjustment and their relationship with symptomatology, functionality, subjective recovery, stigma resistance and years of untreated psychosis. Latent class analysis (LCA) was used to elaborate a solution of three premorbid adjustment profiles in a sample of 217 patients diagnosed with Schizophrenia from Public Mental Health Centers in the city of Arica, Chile. The results show that premorbid adjustment was significantly correlated with recovery indicators and that latent profiles of better premorbid adjustment predict better outcomes in subjective recovery and stigma resistance. The results show that premorbid adjustment not only has implications for the severity of the disorder, but that psychosocial functioning prior to psychosis affects the patient's subjectivity, the representation of the disorder and the recovery process.

Más información

Título según WOS: ID WOS:000822151700001 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 11
Número: 13
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2022


Notas: ISI