Relationship between Everyday Discrimination and Substance Use among Adolescents in Northern Chile

Caqueo-Urizar, Alejandra; Urzua, Alfonso; Mena-Chamorro, Patricio; Flores, Jerome; Irarrazaval, Matias; Graniffo, Ellen; Williams, David R.

Abstract

Substance use is a public health problem that affects the normal physical, neurological, and psychological development of adolescents. Apparently, discrimination is an important variable for explaining the initiation and continued use of alcohol and marijuana. Since most research focused on discrimination based on factors, such as race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or gender faced by minority groups, studies on discrimination faced by the general population remain scarce. This cross-sectional study described the relationship between everyday discrimination and alcohol and marijuana use-related behaviors among Chilean adolescents. It included 2330 students between 12 and 20 years of age from educational establishments in the city of Arica. To evaluate substance use, specifically alcohol and marijuana, the Child and Adolescent Evaluation System (SENA) was used. The Everyday Discrimination scale was used to evaluate discrimination. Age and everyday discrimination can predict up to 11% of the variance in substance use. Reducing the incidence of everyday discrimination may help reduce heavy alcohol and marijuana consumption among adolescents.

Más información

Título según WOS: Relationship between Everyday Discrimination and Substance Use among Adolescents in Northern Chile
Título de la Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
Volumen: 18
Número: 12
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2021
DOI:

10.3390/ijerph18126485

Notas: ISI