Molecular switch-like regulation enables global subunit coordination in a viral ring ATPase
Subunits in multimeric ring-shaped motors must coordinate their activities to ensure correct and efficient performance of their mechanical tasks. Here, we study WT and arginine finger mutants of the pentameric bacteriophage phi 29 DNA packaging motor. Our results reveal the molecular interactions necessary for the coordination of ADP-ATP exchange and ATP hydrolysis of the motor's biphasic mechanochemical cycle. We show that two distinct regulatory mechanisms determine this coordination. In the first mechanism, the DNA up-regulates a single subunit's catalytic activity, transforming it into a global regulator that initiates the nucleotide exchange phase and the hydrolysis phase. In the second, an arginine finger in each subunit promotes ADP-ATP exchange and ATP hydrolysis of its neighbor. Accordingly, we suggest that the sub-units perform the roles described for GDP exchange factors and GTPase-activating proteins observed in small GTPases. We propose that these mechanisms are fundamental to intersubunit coordination and are likely present in other ring ATPases.
|Título según WOS:||ID WOS:000440285800048 Not found in local WOS DB|
|Título de la Revista:||PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA|
|Editorial:||NATL ACAD SCIENCES|
|Fecha de publicación:||2018|
|Página de inicio:||7961|