Meta-analysis of metal nanoparticles degrading pesticides: what parameters are relevant?

Herrera, Wence; Vera, Joelis; Aponte, Humberto; Hermosilla, Edward; Fincheira, Paola; Parada, Javiera; Tortella, Gonzalo; Seabra, Amedea B.; Diez, Maria Cristina; Rubilar, Olga


The rise in the global population demands an increasing food supply and methods to boost agricultural production. Pesticides are necessary for agricultural production models, avoiding losses of close to 40%. Nevertheless, the extensive use of pesticides can cause their accumulation in the environment, causing problems for human health, biota, and ecosystems. Thus, new technologies have emerged to remove these wastes efficiently. In recent years, metal and metal oxide nanoparticles (MNPs) have been reported as promising catalysts to degrade pesticides; however, a systematic understanding of their effect on pesticide degradation is still required. Therefore, this study focused on a meta-analysis of articles available in Elsevier's Scopus and Thomas Reuters Web of Science, found by searching for "nanoparticle pesticide" and "pesticide contamination." After passing different filters, the meta-analysis was performed with 408 observations from 94 reviews, which comprise insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides, including organophosphates, organochlorines, carbamates, triazines, and neonicotinoids. Herein, 14 different MNPs (Ag, Ni, Pd, Co3O4, BiOBr, Au, ZnO, Fe, TiO2, Cu, WO3, ZnS, SnO2, and Fe-0), improved pesticide degradation, with the highest degradation rates achieved by Ag (85%) and Ni (82.5%). Additionally, the impact of the MNP functionalization, size, and concentration on pesticide degradation was quantified and compared. In general, the degradation rate increased when the MNPs were functionalized (similar to 70%) compared to naked (similar to 49%). Also, the particle size significantly affected the degradation of pesticides. To our knowledge, this study is the first meta-analysis performed about the impact of MNPs on pesticide degradation, providing an essential scientific basis for future studies.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000964574900009 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 30
Número: 21
Fecha de publicación: 2023
Página de inicio: 60168
Página final: 60179


Notas: ISI