On stochastic aspects of impact modeling of the innovation incentive system and business internationalization: evidence from Portuguese SMEs
Multivariate normal distribution is base for many statistical techniques, including ordinary least square inference. Here we show that in order to make research on Internationalization of Companies, more flexible approach is needed, namely partial least squares (PLS). It is a nonparametric technique, used in Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), which makes no distributional assumptions and also may be applied with small sample sizes. In this study we discuss on regularity conditions for PLS from the perspective of semi-continuous covariance which fills the gap in the current studies. The stochastic aspects, especially those related to usage of PLS-SEM, can be well integrated to the topologically grounded regression, where jumps in the covariances can occur. The purpose of the research is to analyze and understand the impact of the Incentive System (IS) for Innovation, within the scope of the National Strategic Reference Framework (QREN) 2014-2020, on the Internationalization of Portuguese Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). We study stochastic aspects of theoretical model which aggregates the variables Product Innovation, Marketing Innovation, Organizational Innovation and Working Conditions as determinants of Internationalization of Companies.Data were collected based on a quantitative methodology, through a self-completion questionnaire using the Likert psychometric scale, which registered 120 participants. Organizational Innovation (exogenous latent construct) and Product Innovation have shown a statistically significant indirect effect on the Internationalization of Companies (endogenous latent construct) through Marketing Innovation. The latter has a direct effect on the Internationalization (target construct). However, Working Conditions has the greatest impact on Internationalization, meaning that measures such as increasing wages, decreasing the use of temporary work and precarious work conversion into labor effective relations have a very relevant direct effect on the Internationalization of Portuguese SMEs.
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|ID WOS:000917801900001 Not found in local WOS DB
|Título de la Revista:
|STOCHASTIC ANALYSIS AND APPLICATIONS
|TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
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