Effects on Sleep Quality of Physical Exercise Programs in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Solis-Navarro, Lilian; Masot, Olga; Torres-Castro, Rodrigo; Otto-Yanez, Matias; Fernandez-Jane, Carles; Sola-Madurell, Mireia; Coda, Andrea; Cyrus-Barker, Erika; Sitja-Rabert, Merce; Perez, Laura Monica


Background: Given the beneficial effects of exercise in different populations and the close relationship between healthy ageing and sleep quality, our objective was to determine if physical exercise delivered through a structured program improves sleep quality in older adults. Methods: Embase, PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Register of Clinical Trials (CENTRAL) were searched to 15 January 2023. Studies that applied physical exercise programs in older adults were reviewed. Two independent reviewers analysed the studies, extracted the data, and assessed the quality of evidence. Results: Of the 2599 reports returned by the initial search, 13 articles reporting on 2612 patients were included in the data synthesis. The articles used interventions based on yoga (n = 5), multicomponent exercise (n = 3), walking (n = 2), cycling (n = 1), pilates (n = 1), elastic bands (n = 1), and healthy beat acupunch (n = 1). In the intervention group, we found significant improvement in Pittsburgh sleep quality index of -2.49 points (95% CI -3.84 to -1.14) in comparison to the control group (p = 0.0003) and sleep efficiency measured with objective instruments (MD 1.18%, 95% CI 0.86 to 1.50%, p 0.0001). Conclusion: Our results found that physical exercise programs in older adults improve sleep quality and efficiency measured with objective instruments.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:001014307400001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: CLOCKS SLEEP
Volumen: 5
Número: 2
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2023
Página de inicio: 152
Página final: 166


Notas: ISI