Connexin hemichannel composition determines the FGF-1-induced membrane permeability and free [Ca2+](i) responses
Cell surface hemichannels (HCs) composed of different connexin (Cx) types are present in diverse cells and their possible role on FGF-1-induced cellular responses remains unknown. Here, we show that FGF-1 transiently (4-14 h, maximal at 7 h) increases the membrane permeability through HCs in HeLa cells expressing Cx43 or Cx45 under physiological extracellular Ca2+/ Mg2+ concentrations. The effect does not occur in HeLa cells expressing HCs constituted of Cx26 or Cx43 with its C-terminus truncated at aa 257, or in parental nontransfected HeLa cells. The increase in membrane permeability is associated with a rise in HC levels at the cell surface and a proportional increase in HC unitary events. The response requires an early intracellular free Ca2+ concentration increase, activation of a p38 MAP kinase-dependent pathway, and a regulatory site of Cx subunit C-terminus. The FGF-1-induced rise in membrane permeability is also associated with a late increase in intracellular free Ca2+ concentration, suggesting that responsive HCs allow Ca2+ influx. The cell density of Cx26 and Cx43 HeLa transfectants cultured in serum-free medium was differentially affected by FGF-1. Thus, the FGF-1-induced cell permeabilization and derived consequences depend on the Cx composition of HCs. Â© 2008 by The American Society for Cell Biology.
|Título según WOS:||Connexin hemichannel composition determines the FGF-1-induced membrane permeability and free [Ca2+](i) responses|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Connexin hemichannel composition determines the FGF-1-induced membrane permeability and free [Ca2+]i responses|
|Título de la Revista:||MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF THE CELL|
|Editorial:||AMER SOC CELL BIOLOGY|
|Fecha de publicación:||2008|
|Página de inicio:||3501|