Mechanisms for retention of bioavailable nitrogen in volcanic rainforest soils
Nitrogen cycling is an important aspect of forest ecosystem functioning. Pristine temperate rainforests have been shown to produce large amounts of bioavailable nitrogen, but despite high nitrogen turnover rates, loss of bioavailable nitrogen is minimal in these ecosystems. This tight nitrogen coupling is achieved through fierce competition for bioavailable nitrogen by abiotic processes, soil microbes and plant roots, all of which transfer bioavailable nitrogen to stable nitrogen sinks, such as soil organic matter and above-ground forest vegetation. Here, we use a combination of in situ 15N isotope dilution and 15N tracer techniques in volcanic soils of a temperate evergreen rainforest in southern Chile to further unravel retention mechanisms for bioavailable nitrogen. We find three processes that contribute significantly to nitrogen bioavailability in rainforest soils: heterotrophic nitrate production, nitrate turnover into ammonium and into a pool of dissolved organic nitrogen that is not prone to leaching loss, and finally, the decoupling of dissolved inorganic nitrogen turnover and leaching losses of dissolved organic nitrogen. Identification of these biogeochemical processes helps explain the retention of bioavailable nitrogen in pristine temperate rainforests. Â© 2008 Macmillan Publishers Limited.
|Título según WOS:||Mechanisms for retention of bioavailable nitrogen in volcanic rainforest soils|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Mechanisms for retention of bioavailable nitrogen in volcanic rainforest soils|
|Título de la Revista:||NATURE GEOSCIENCE|
|Editorial:||Nature Publishing Group|
|Fecha de publicación:||2008|
|Página de inicio:||543|