Reduced lip seal strength and missing teeth are associated with poorer masticatory performance in young adults with intellectual disabilities: a cross-sectional analytical study

Martinez-Arnau, F. M.; Nunez-Cortes, R.; Valderrama-Mejia, J. M.; Cruz-Montecinos, C.; Carrasco, J. J.; Cortes-Amador, S.


Background Alterations in oral health have a negative impact on the quality of life of persons with intellectual disabilities (PwIDs). Chewing is a process that influences and determines optimal oral health. However, little is known about how intellectual disability (ID) affects masticatory performance. This study aimed to analyse the differences in masticatory performance between young adults with IDs, young adults without IDs and older adults without IDs.Methods A cross-sectional analytical design was used. The masticatory performance was evaluated with a chewing gum validated instrument. In addition, the labial and tongue strength was assessed with the Iowa Oral Performance Instrument. We compared the masticatory performance between groups using one-way analysis of covariance. Body mass index, muscle mass, missing teeth, lip strength and tongue strength were included as separate covariates. A multivariate regression analysis was performed to identify which independent variables could explain masticatory performance in each group.Results Thirty-two PwIDs, 31 young adults without IDs and 32 older adults without IDs were recruited. PwIDs showed poorer masticatory performance compared with older adults (mean difference: -3.06, 95% confidence interval: -3.87 to -2.26) and healthy controls (mean difference: -2.38, 95% confidence interval: -3.19 to -1.57). The analysis of covariance showed significant difference between groups in the masticatory performance (F = 47.35, P 0.001, ?(2)(p) = 0.507). Missing teeth (P 0.001), right lip strength (P = 0.025) and tongue strength (P = 0.007) as covariables showed a significant interaction with the model. In the PwID group, lip strength and lack of teeth explained 58% of the variance in masticatory performance (R-2 = 0.580, standard error = 1.12, P 0.001).Conclusions Persons with intellectual disabilities have a poorer masticatory performance than adults without IDs. Our findings indicate that the primary determinants of optimal masticatory function in PwIDs are the strength of the lip seal and the number of missing teeth.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000969246400001 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 67
Número: 7
Editorial: Wiley
Fecha de publicación: 2023
Página de inicio: 630
Página final: 639


Notas: ISI