Localization of interleukin-6 signaling complex in epithelialized apical lesions of endodontic origin
Objectives We aimed to determine the immunolocalization patterns of the interleukin (IL)-6 signaling complex in epithelialized and non-epithelialized apical lesions of endodontic origin (ALEOs). Materials and methods Epithelialized (n = 8) and non-epithelialized (n = 7) ALEOs were obtained from teeth with indication of extraction in patients with clinical diagnosis of apical periodontitis. All tissues were subjected to routine processing for histopathologic examination and primary antibodies for IL-6, IL-6 receptor (R), and glycoprotein (gp)-130 were used for immunohistochemistry and double immunofluorescence co-localization. Results IL-6, IL-6R, and gp-130 were immunolocalized in endothelial cells and mononuclear leukocytes in a diffuse pattern within the connective tissue of epithelialized and non-epithelialized ALEOs. In the epithelialized lesions, two different patterns were identified: IL-6 signaling complex was localized within the proliferating epithelium in a diffuse intracellular pattern and in a cell membrane localization pattern within the mature epithelial lining, showing a decreased intensity towards the surface layers. Conclusions IL-6, IL-6R, and gp-130 localized to mononuclear inflammatory cells, vascular endothelial cells, and immature proliferating epithelia in a diffuse pattern and in mature lining epithelia in a localized cell membrane pattern, supporting a role for epithelial proliferation during cyst formation. Additional cell membrane co-localization of IL-6 receptor complex suggests classic signaling involvement in addition to trans-signaling.
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|Localization of interleukin-6 signaling complex in epithelialized apical lesions of endodontic origin
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|CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS
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