Extracts of Fruits and Plants Cultivated In Vitro of <i>Aristotelia chilensis (Mol.) Stuntz</i> Show Inhibitory Activity of Aldose Reductase and Pancreatic Alpha-Amylase Enzymes

Pineda, Adriana; ARENAS-LISSI, ANDREA BEATRIZ; Balmaceda, Juan; Zuniga-Libano, Gustavo


Aristotelia chilensis is a plant whose fruit is considered a powerful natural antioxidant. During the last years, some investigations of the fruit have been carried out, finding antioxidant properties in the juice or the phenolic fraction. The antioxidant properties of the plant are useful in the inhibition of enzymes related to diabetes such as pancreatic aldose reductase and alpha-amylase. Because many synthetic drugs used today have limitations and potentially harmful side effects, the use of naturally occurring compounds, such as flavonoids, is clinically attractive. In this study, the characterization of aqueous extracts of fruits and in vitro plants of A. chilensis was carried out based on their content of anthocyanins and total phenols, the antioxidant capacity by the antiradical activity 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrilhydrazil (DPPH), and the profile of anthocyanins and other phenolic compounds by liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Subsequently, the effect of these extracts on the inhibition of bovine aldose reductase and pancreatic alpha-amylase enzymes was determined. According to our results, extracts of fruits and in vitro plants of A. chilensis achieved inhibition of the bovine aldose reductase enzyme of 85.54 +/- 1.86% and 75.67 +/- 1.21%, respectively. Likewise, the percentage of inhibition of the pancreatic alpha-amylase enzyme for fruit extracts was 29.64 +/- 0.63%, while for in vitro plant extracts it was 47.66 +/- 0.66%. The antioxidant and enzymatic inhibition activity of the extracts were related to the content of anthocyanins, such as delphinidin and cyanidin glycosides as well as the phenols derived from quercetin, myricetin, and kaempferol. The results obtained allow us to suggest that the in vitro culture of plants of A. chilensis represents a viable biotechnological alternative to obtain phenolic compounds for the inhibition of aldose reductase and pancreatic alpha-amylase enzymes.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000875268600001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título según SCOPUS: ID SCOPUS_ID:85140875484 Not found in local SCOPUS DB
Título de la Revista: Plants-Basel
Volumen: 11
Fecha de publicación: 2022