Selective Leaching of Arsenic from Copper Concentrates in Hypochlorite Medium

Hernandez, Maria Cecilia; Benavente, Oscar; Roca, Antoni; Melo, Evelyn; Quezada, Victor


The selective leaching of arsenic using sodium hypochlorite was evaluated in order to reduce its concentration in a copper concentrate. The best conditions achieved in the synthetic concentrate were applied to the industrial concentrate. First, the individual behaviors of pure samples of enargite and chalcopyrite were evaluated under a hypochlorite medium. The enargite reaction is significantly faster than chalcopyrite, allowing for greater selectivity to ClO- (0.1-0.3 M), pH 12-12.5; 20 to 40 degrees C, reaction time <60 min. Under these conditions, the reagent consumption for pure compounds approaches the stoichiometric consumption and presents a selectivity factor of 5/1. Furthermore, concentrate leaching in a sodium hypochlorite medium, containing enargite, releases arsenic ions into the solution, while copper and iron remain in the solid phase, as CuO and Fe(OH)(3), respectively. A novel copper concentrate cleaning process by selective leaching is proposed, which transforms unacceptable copper concentrate for smelters (>0.5%As) into clean concentrates (<0.2%As) or low penalty concentrates (0.2 < %As < 0.5). The estimated consumption for the cleaning process is in the order of 0.4-0.6 kg Cl-2 equivalent per kg of concentrate.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:001114606800001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: MINERALS
Volumen: 13
Número: 11
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2023


Notas: ISI