The catecholaminergic RCSN-3 cell line: a model to study dopamine metabolism
RCSN-3 cells are a cloned cell line derived from the substantia nigra of an adult rat. The cell line grows in monolayer and does not require differentiation to express catecholaminergic traits, such as (i) tyrosine hydroxylase; (ii) dopamine release; (iii) dopamine transport; (iv) norepinephrine transport; (v) monoamine oxidase (MAO)-A expression, but not MAO-B; (vi) formation of neuromelanin; (vii) vesicular monoamine transporter-2 (VMAT-2) expression. In addition, this cell line expresses serotonin transporters, divalent metal transporter, DMT1, dopamine receptor 1 mRNA under proliferating conditions, and dopamine receptor 5 mRNA after incubation with dopamine or dicoumarol. Expression of dopamine receptors D2, D3 and D4 mRNA were not detected in proliferating cells or when the cells were treated with dopamine, CuSO4, dicoumarol or dopamine-copper complex. Angiotensin II receptor mRNA was also found to be expressed, but it underwent down regulation in the presence of aminochrome. Total quinone reductase activity corresponded 94% to DT-diaphorase. The cells also express antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase. This cell line is a suitable in vitro model for studies of dopamine metabolism, since under proliferating conditions the cells express all the pertinent markers. Â© Springer 2008.
|Título según WOS:||The catecholaminergic RCSN-3 cell line: a model to study dopamine metabolism|
|Título según SCOPUS:||The catecholaminergic RCSN-3 cell line: A model to study dopamine metabolism|
|Título de la Revista:||NEUROTOXICITY RESEARCH|
|Fecha de publicación:||2008|
|Página de inicio:||221|