Identification of genes expressed during early somatic embryogenesis in Pinus radiata
Analysis of cDNA-AFLPs was used to study gene expression underlying the early embryogenic process in the gymnosperm Pinus radiata. Somatic embryogenesis in this species was used as a model as it resulted in the generation of a large number of embryos at defined stages of development. The gene expression patterns of three embryogenic stages were compared with non-embryogenic cells. Fifty transcript-derived fragments (TDFs) that are upregulated and 32 TDFs that are down-regulated in the embryogenic stages were selected, sequenced and their homologies sought in the databases. Expression of a selected subset of differentially expressed genes was confirmed by RT-PCR and their levels of expression were quantified. Of the 50 up-regulated TDFs, 16 are homologous to genes encoding either known or putative proteins in higher plants, 19 are homologous to conifer ESTs and 15 did not show significant matches. Of the down-regulated TDFs, 8 are homologous to genes encoding either known or putative proteins, 20 are homologous to conifer ESTs and 4 of them did not show significant matches in DNA or protein sequence database. The known up-regulated genes were similar to genes involved in cellular metabolism and in the stress response and the known down-regulated genes were similar to genes involved in proteolysis, cell wall modification and signaling pathways. Their putative individual function is briefly reviewed based on published information, and the potential roles of these genes in embryo development are discussed. Â© 2008 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
|Título según WOS:||Identification of genes expressed during early somatic embryogenesis in Pinus radiata|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Identification of genes expressed during early somatic embryogenesis in Pinus radiata|
|Título de la Revista:||PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY|
|Editorial:||ELSEVIER FRANCE-EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUES MEDICALES ELSEVIER|
|Fecha de publicación:||2008|
|Página de inicio:||559|