Elephant Black Garlic's Beneficial Properties for Hippocampal Neuronal Network, Chemical Characterization and Biological Evaluation

Gavilan, Javiera; Mardones, Claudia; Oyarce, Gabriela; Trivino, Sergio; Espinoza-Rubilar, Nicole; Ramirez-Molina, Oscar; Perez, Claudia; Becerra, Jose; Varas, Patricio; Duran-Arcos, Robinson; Munoz-Montesino, Carola; Moraga-Cid, Gustavo; Yevenes, Gonzalo E.; Fuentealba, Jorge


Garlic has been used for decades as an important food and additionally for its beneficial properties in terms of nutrition and ancestral therapeutics. In this work, we compare the properties of fresh (WG) and aged (BG) extract obtained from elephant garlic, harvested on Chiloe Island, Chile. BG was prepared from WG with a 20-day aging process under controlled temperature and humidity conditions. We observed that in BG, compounds such as diallyl disulfide decrease, and compounds of interest such as 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (69%), diallyl sulfide (17%), 3H-1,2-Dithiole (22%) and 4-Methyl-1,2,3-trithiolane (16%) were shown to be increased. Using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH, BG: 51 +/- 5.7%, WG: 12 +/- 2.6%) and 2,20-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6 sulfonate) diammonium salt (ABTS, BG: 69.4 +/- 2.3%, WG: 21 +/- 3.9%) assays, we observed that BG possesses significantly higher antioxidant activity than WG and increased cell viability in hippocampal slices (41 +/- 9%). The effects of WG and BG were shown to improve the neuronal function through an increased in intracellular calcium transients (189 +/- 4%). In parallel, BG induced an increase in synaptic vesicle protein 2 (SV-2; 75 +/- 12%) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF; 32 +/- 12%) levels. Thus, our study provides the initial scientific bases to foster the use of BG from Chiloe Island as a functional food containing a mixture of bioactive compounds that may contribute to brain health and well-being.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:001103313900001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: FOODS
Volumen: 12
Número: 21
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2023


Notas: ISI