Clinical Presentation and Perioperative Management of Pheochromocytomas and Paragangliomas: A 4-Decade Experience

Uslar, Thomas; San Francisco, Ignacio F.; Olmos, Roberto; Macchiavelo, Stefano; Zuniga, Alvaro; Rojas, Pablo; Garrido, Marcelo; Huete, Alvaro; Mendez, Gonzalo P.; Cortinez, Ignacio; Zemelman, Jose Tomas; Cifuentes, Joaquin; Castro, Fernando; Olivari, Daniela; Dominguez, Jose Miguel; et. al.


--- - "Purpose: Latin American reports on pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) are scarce. Recent studies demonstrate changes in clinical presentation and management of these patients. Herein, we assessed the main characteristics of PPGL patients in our academic center over the past 4 decades." - "Methods: Demographic, clinical, biochemical, and perioperative data from 105 PPGL patients were retrospectively and prospectively collected over the 1980-2019 period. Data were organized into 4 periods by decade." - "Results: Age at diagnosis, gender, tumor size and percentage of bilaterality, percentage of paragangliomas, and metastases remained stable across the 4 decades. The proportion of genetic testing and incidentalomas increased in recent decades (all P < 0.001). Therefore, we compared PPGLs diagnosed as incidentalomas (36%) with those clinically suspected (64%). Incidentalomas had fewer adrenergic symptoms (38 vs. 62%; P< 0.001) and lower rates of hypertension (64% vs. 80%; P = 0.01) and hypertensive crisis (28% vs. 44%; P= 0.02); also, they had lower functionality (79% vs. 100%; P= 0.01) and lower catecholamines levels (8.4-fold vs. 12.5-fold above upper cutoffs; P = 0.04). Regarding management of all PPGLs over the decades, we observed significant increases in both perioperative doxazosin dose (P = 0.003) and laparoscopic approach rates (P < 0.001), along with a decrease in the length of hospital stays (P= 0.007)." - "Conclusions: We observed a change in the clinical presentation of PPGL in recent decades, with a marked increase in incidental cases and milder symptoms.The implementation of a multidisciplinary program for adrenal disorders in our institution has translated into more timely diagnoses, more genetic testing, and improvements in perioperative management."

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Título según WOS: Clinical Presentation and Perioperative Management of Pheochromocytomas and Paragangliomas: A 4-Decade Experience
Volumen: 5
Número: 10
Fecha de publicación: 2021


Notas: ISI