Poly(dA:dT) Tracts Differentially Modulate Nucleosome Remodeling Activity of RSC and ISW1a Complexes, Exerting Tract Orientation-Dependent and -Independent Effects

Amigo, Roberto; Raiqueo, Fernanda; Tarifeno, Estefania; Farkas, Carlos; Gutierrez, Jose L.


The establishment and maintenance of nucleosome-free regions (NFRs) are prominent processes within chromatin dynamics. Transcription factors, ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complexes (CRCs) and DNA sequences are the main factors involved. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, CRCs such as RSC contribute to chromatin opening at NFRs, while other complexes, including ISW1a, contribute to NFR shrinking. Regarding DNA sequences, growing evidence points to poly(dA:dT) tracts as playing a direct role in active processes involved in nucleosome positioning dynamics. Intriguingly, poly(dA:dT)-tract-containing NFRs span asymmetrically relative to the location of the tract by a currently unknown mechanism. In order to obtain insight into the role of poly(dA:dT) tracts in nucleosome remodeling, we performed a systematic analysis of their influence on the activity of ISW1a and RSC complexes. Our results show that poly(dA:dT) tracts differentially affect the activity of these CRCs. Moreover, we found differences between the effects exerted by the two alternative tract orientations. Remarkably, tract-containing linker DNA is taken as exit DNA for nucleosome sliding catalyzed by RSC. Our findings show that defined DNA sequences, when present in linker DNA, can dictate in which direction a remodeling complex has to slide nucleosomes and shed light into the mechanisms underlying asymmetrical chromatin opening around poly(dA:dT) tracts.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:001094324700001 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 24
Número: 20
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2023


Notas: ISI