Physiological effects of high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy after extubation: a randomized crossover study

Basoalto, Roque; Damiani, L. Felipe; Jalil, Yorschua; Bachmann, Maria Consuelo; Oviedo, Vanessa; Alegria, Leyla; Valenzuela, Emilio Daniel; Rovegno, Maximiliano; Ruiz-Rudolph, Pablo; Cornejo, Rodrigo; Retamal, Jaime; Bugedo, Guillermo; Thille, Arnaud W.; Bruhn, Alejandro


Background Prophylactic high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen therapy can decrease the risk of extubation failure. It is frequently used in the postextubation phase alone or in combination with noninvasive ventilation. However, its physiological effects in this setting have not been thoroughly investigated. The aim of this study was to determine comprehensively the effects of HFNC applied after extubation on respiratory effort, diaphragm activity, gas exchange, ventilation distribution, and cardiovascular biomarkers.Methods This was a prospective randomized crossover physiological study in critically ill patients comparing 1 h of HFNC versus 1 h of standard oxygen after extubation. The main inclusion criteria were mechanical ventilation for at least 48 h due to acute respiratory failure, and extubation after a successful spontaneous breathing trial (SBT). We measured respiratory effort through esophageal/transdiaphragmatic pressures, and diaphragm electrical activity (Delta EAdi). Lung volumes and ventilation distribution were estimated by electrical impedance tomography. Arterial and central venous blood gases were analyzed, as well as cardiac stress biomarkers.Results We enrolled 22 patients (age 59 +/- 17 years; 9 women) who had been intubated for 8 +/- 6 days before extubation. Respiratory effort was significantly lower with HFNC than with standard oxygen therapy, as evidenced by esophageal pressure swings (5.3 [4.2-7.1] vs. 7.2 [5.6-10.3] cmH(2)O; p < 0.001), pressure-time product (85 [67-140] vs. 156 [114-238] cmH(2)O*s/min; p < 0.001) and Delta EAdi (10 [7-13] vs. 14 [9-16] mu V; p = 0.022). In addition, HFNC induced increases in end-expiratory lung volume and PaO2/FiO(2) ratio, decreases in respiratory rate and ventilatory ratio, while no changes were observed in systemic hemodynamics, Troponin T, or in amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide.Conclusions Prophylactic application of HFNC after extubation provides substantial respiratory support and unloads respiratory muscles.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:001089310900001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: ANNALS OF INTENSIVE CARE
Volumen: 13
Número: 1
Editorial: Springer
Fecha de publicación: 2023


Notas: ISI