Oral cancer knowledge in adults evaluated through a phone survey in the context of the SARS-CoV2 health emergency in Colombia

Espinoza, I. L.; Espinoza, Iris; Serna, Y. E.; Serna, Yuliana Elizabeth; Fuentes, M. C.; Fuentes, Maria Camila; Jaramillo, Andrea; Piedrahita, K. T.; Piedrahita, Karen Tatiana; Alvarez, G. J.; Alvarez, Gloria Jeanethe


Background: in Colombia, oral cancer is the eighth most common type of cancer, with an estimated survival rate of 52%. Lack of knowledge about oral cancer and its risk factors is associated with late detection. Material and Methods: a descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on 268 patients attending the School of Dentistry of the University of Antioquia clinics, to whom a validated 47-question questionnaire was applied by phone during the COVID-19 pandemic (2020 and 2021). Data were analyzed using the SPSS software. Results: the mean age was 58.9. 58.6% of the participants had heard of oral cancer, 42% acquire knowledge from the media, and 96.7% considered screening necessary. Most of the patients expressed not feeling worried (54.5%), fearful (59.7%), or anxious (56.3%) in the case of being submitted to an examination for early detection of oral cancer. A correlation between low socioeconomic status and educational level with less knowledge of oral cancer was found. The dimensions of experience and attitude towards screening were not associated with sociodemographic variables. Conclusions: There is little knowledge about oral cancer, especially in low socioeconomic and educational status, although this does not occur in the dimensions of attitude and experience toward screening. In contrast, patients participating in this study presented high knowledge about oral cancer risk. This population recognizes the situations most related to the development of cancer. This level of knowledge was similar for the demographic conditions except for people with no education, who presented less knowledge of the risks. The need for educational campaigns on oral cancer knowledge is reaffirmed, especially in socially disadvantaged groups, considering that there would be no barriers related to screening.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:001108666800016 Not found in local WOS DB
Título según SCOPUS: ID SCOPUS_ID:85175496582 Not found in local SCOPUS DB
Título de la Revista: Medicina Oral Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal
Volumen: 28
Número: 6
Fecha de publicación: 2023
Página de inicio: e630
Página final: e637
Idioma: English