Mental health and vitality predict spinal pain in healthcare workers

Espin, A.; Nunez-Cortes, R.; Irazusta, J.; Rodriguez-Larrad, A.; Torres-Unda, J.; Vinstrup, J.; Jakobsen, M. D.; Andersen, L. L.


--- - "Background Despite extensive investigation of ergonomic risk factors for spinal pain in healthcare workers, limited knowledge of psychological risk factors exists.Aims To assess the prospective association of mental health and vitality with development of spinal pain in healthcare workers.Methods A prospective cohort study was carried out involving 1950 healthcare workers from 19 hospitals in Denmark. Assessments were done at baseline and at 1-year follow-up. Mental health and vitality were measured using the Short Form-36 Health Survey, while spinal pain intensity was measured using a 0-10 scale in the low-back, upper-back and neck, respectively. Cumulative logistic regressions adjusted for several confounding factors were applied, reporting risk estimates as odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).Results Using good mental health as reference, moderate (but not poor) mental health at baseline was associated with increased pain intensity in the low-back (OR: 1.41 [95% CI: 1.21-1.77]), upper-back (OR: 1.63 [95% CI: 1.31-2.02]) and neck (OR: 1.31 [95% CI: 1.07-1.61]) at 1-year follow-up. Likewise, using high vitality as reference, both moderate and low vitality at baseline were associated with increased pain intensity in the low-back (OR: 1.54 [95% CI: 1.22-1.94] and OR: 2.34 [95% CI: 1.75-3.12], respectively), upper-back (OR: 1.72 [95% CI: 1.34-2.23] and OR: 2.46 [95% CI: 1.86-3.25], respectively) and neck (OR: 1.66 [95% CI: 1.34-2.06] and OR: 2.06 [95% CI: 1.61-2.63], respectively) at 1-year follow-up.Conclusions Compared to healthcare workers with good mental health and high vitality, those with moderate mental health and low/moderate vitality, respectively, were more likely to increase spinal pain intensity at 1-year follow-up. These components should also be considered in the prevention of spinal pain in healthcare workers." - Many healthcare workers suffer from spinal pain, resulting in personal and economic harm. Previous studies have primarily evaluated ergonomic risk factors for spinal pain, such as patient transfer. This study presents new insights into psychological risk factors and demonstrates that mental health and vitality predict development of spinal pain in a large sample of Danish healthcare workers.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:001058111700001 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 73
Número: 8
Fecha de publicación: 2023
Página de inicio: 464
Página final: 469


Notas: ISI