Pulmonary rehabilitation in sarcoidosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Alsina-Restoy, Xavier; Torres-Castro, Rodrigo; Caballeria, Estrella; Santos, Elena Gimeno-; Solis-Navarro, Lilian; Francesqui, Joel; Hernandez-Gonzalez, Fernanda; Ramos-Casals, Manel; Blanco, Isabel; Sellares, Jacobo


--- - "Background: Exercise intolerance, muscle weakness, dyspnoea, and fatigue are frequent complications in symptomatic sarcoidosis patients. Pulmonary rehabilitation improves exercise capacity, symptoms, and quality of life in patients with chronic respiratory diseases. Our objective was to systematically determine the effects of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with sarcoidosis." - "Methods: A systematic review was conducted in seven databases. Studies that applied pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with sarcoidosis were reviewed. Two independent reviewers analysed the studies, extracted the data and assessed the quality of evidence." - "Results: Of the 406 reports returned by the initial search, five articles reporting on 184 patients were included in the data synthesis. Two studies included multi-component exercise, one inspiratory muscle training, one a physical activity incentivisation programme, and one a telerehabilitation program. In the intervention group (IG), we found significant improvement in exercise capacity (SMD 1.65, 95%CI 0.45, 2.86 points, p = 0.006). If we only analyse the studies that performed the 6-min walking test, the IG walked 40.3 (CI95% 20.3, 60.2) m higher than the control group (CG) (p < 0.001). Additionally, dyspnoea score was reduced (MD-0.42 95%CI-0.75,-0.10, p = 0.002). However, fatigue, quality of life and pulmonary function did not show any change." - "Conclusion: Pulmonary rehabilitation could improve exercise capacity and dyspnoea perception in patients with sarcoidosis."

Más información

Título según WOS: ID WOS:001110976000001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: RESPIRATORY MEDICINE
Volumen: 219
Editorial: W. B. Saunders Co., Ltd.
Fecha de publicación: 2023


Notas: ISI