Protein kinase C-mediated phosphorylation of p47(phox) modulates platelet-derived growth factor-induced H(2)O(2) generation and cell proliferation in human umbilical vein endothelial cells
Substantial evidence indicate that growth factors such as platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) exert their effect, at least in part, through reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated via NAD(P)H oxidase. In this work, the role of p47phox, a key component of the phagocytic NAD(P)H oxidase in cell proliferation, was addressed. The authors show that diphenylene iodonium (DPI) and apocynin, but not NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl esterL-NAME, reduced PDGF-induced ROS generation and proliferation in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Pharmacological inhibition of protein kinase C (PKC) as well as dominant-negative mutants of p47phox directed to PKC-dependent phosphorylation targets inhibited PDGF-stimulated ROS production and cell proliferation. Hydrogen peroxide restored PDGF-stimulated proliferation in cells that was inhibited by apocynin, DPI, or by the dominant-negative mutants. PDGF-induced proliferation was reduced in the HUVEC-derived cell line E.A.hy926 overexpressing catalase. On the contrary, cells overexpressing superoxide dismutase 1 exhibited increased proliferation. These results demonstrate that PKC-dependent phosphorylation of p47phox is essential for PDGF-stimulated ROS generation and proliferation in HUVECs. More relevant, H2O2 is identified as the key molecule that signals proliferation in the systems studied.
|Título según WOS:||Protein kinase C-mediated phosphorylation of p47(phox) modulates platelet-derived growth factor-induced H(2)O(2) generation and cell proliferation in human umbilical vein endothelial cells|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Protein Kinase C-Mediated Phosphorylation of p47phox modulates platelet-derived growth factor-induced H2 O2 generation and cell proliferation in human umbilical vein endothelial cells|
|Título de la Revista:||ENDOTHELIUM-JOURNAL OF ENDOTHELIAL CELL RESEARCH|
|Fecha de publicación:||2008|
|Página de inicio:||175|