Metagenomic and Functional Characterization of Two Chilean Kefir Beverages Reveals a Dairy Beverage Containing Active Enzymes, Short-Chain Fatty Acids, Microbial β-Amyloids, and Bio-Film Inhibitors

Ibacache-Quiroga, Claudia; Gonzalez-Pizarro, Karoll; Charifeh, Mariam; Canales, Christian; Diaz-Viciedo, Rodrigo; Schmachtenberg, Oliver; Alejandro Dinamarca, M.

Abstract

Kefir beverage is a probiotic food associated with health benefits, containing probiotic microorganisms and biomolecules produced during fermentation. The microbial composition of these beverages varies among countries, geographical regions, and the substrates, therefore, the characterization of kefir beverages is of great relevance in understanding their potential health-promoting and biotechnological applications. Therefore, this study presents the metagenomic and functional characterization of two Chilean kefir beverages, K02 and K03, through shotgun and amplicon-based metagenomic, microbiological, chemical, and biochemical studies. Results show that both beverages' microbiota were mainly formed by Bacteria (>98%), while Eukarya represented less than 2%. Regarding Bacteria, the most abundant genera were Acetobacter (93.43% in K02 and 80.99% in K03) and Lactobacillus (5.72% in K02 and 16.75% in K03), while Kazachstania was the most abundant genus from Eukarya (42.55% and 36.08% in K02 and K03). Metagenomic analyses revealed metabolic pathways for lactose and casein assimilation, biosynthesis of health-promoting biomolecules, and clusters for antibiotic resistance, quorum sensing communication, and biofilm formation. Enzymatic activities, microbial beta-amyloids, and short-chain fatty acids (acetic acid and propionic acid) were also detected in these beverages. Likewise, both kefir beverages inhibited biofilm formation of the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

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Título según WOS: Metagenomic and Functional Characterization of Two Chilean Kefir Beverages Reveals a Dairy Beverage Containing Active Enzymes, Short-Chain Fatty Acids, Microbial beta-Amyloids, and Bio-Film Inhibitors
Título de la Revista: Foods
Volumen: 11
Número: 7
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2022
DOI:

10.3390/foods11070900

Notas: ISI