Biodegradation of Polystyrene by Galleria mellonella: Identification of Potential Enzymes Involved in the Degradative Pathway

Venegas, Sebastian; Alarcon, Carolina; Araya, Juan; Gatica, Marcell; Morin, Violeta; Tarifeno-Saldivia, Estefania; Uribe, Elena

Abstract

Galleria mellonella is a lepidopteran whose larval stage has shown the ability to degrade polystyrene (PS), one of the most recalcitrant plastics to biodegradation. In the present study, we fed G. mellonella larvae with PS for 54 days and determined candidate enzymes for its degradation. We first confirmed the biodegradation of PS by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy- Attenuated total reflectance (FTIR-ATR) and then identified candidate enzymes in the larval gut by proteomic analysis using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Two of these proteins have structural similarities to the styrene-degrading enzymes described so far. In addition, potential hydrolases, isomerases, dehydrogenases, and oxidases were identified that show little similarity to the bacterial enzymes that degrade styrene. However, their response to a diet based solely on polystyrene makes them interesting candidates as a potential new group of polystyrene-metabolizing enzymes in eukaryotes.

Más información

Título según WOS: ID WOS:001161180100001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES
Volumen: 25
Número: 3
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2024
DOI:

10.3390/ijms25031576

Notas: ISI