Oxidative stress promotes cytotoxicity in human cancer cell lines exposed to Escallonia spp. extracts

Jara-Gutierrez, Carlos; Mercado, Luis; Paz-Araos, Marilyn; Howard, Carolyn; Parraga, Mario; Escobar, Camila; Mellado, Marco; Madrid, Alejandro; Montenegro, Ivan; Santana, Paula; Murgas, Paola; Jimenez-Jara, Cristina; Gonzalez-Olivares, Luis Guillermo; Ahumada, Manuel; Villena, Joan


Background Standard cancer treatments show a lack of selectivity that has led to the search for new strategies against cancer. The selective elimination of cancer cells modulating the redox environment, known as "selective oxycution", has emerged as a viable alternative. This research focuses on characterizing the unexplored Escallonia genus plant extracts and evaluating their potential effects on cancer's redox balance, cytotoxicity, and activation of death pathways.Methods 36 plant extracts were obtained from 4 different species of the Escallonia genus (E. illinita C. Presl, E. rubra (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers., E. revoluta (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers., and E. pulverulenta (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.), which were posteriorly analyzed by their phytoconstituents, antioxidant capacity, and GC-MS. Further, redox balance assays (antioxidant enzymes, oxidative damage, and transcription factors) and cytotoxic effects (SRB, triangle Psi mt, and caspases actives) of those plant extracts were analyzed on four cell lines (HEK-293T, MCF-7, HT-29, and PC-3).Results 36 plant extracts were obtained, and their phytoconstituents and antioxidant capacity were established. Further, only six extracts had EC50 values < 10 g*mL(- 1), indicating high toxicity against the tested cells. From those, two plant extracts were selective against different cancer cell lines: the hexane extract of E. pulverulentas stem was selective for HT-29, and the ethyl acetate extract of E. rubras stem was selective for PC-3. Both extracts showed unbalanced redox effects and promoted selective cell death.Conclusions This is the first study proving "selective oxycution" induced by Chilean native plant extracts.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:001142870300002 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies
Volumen: 24
Número: 1
Editorial: Springer Link
Fecha de publicación: 2024


Notas: ISI