Forestry in the Face of Global Change: Results of a Global Survey of Professionals

Himes, Austin; Bauhus, Juergen; Adhikari, Shankar; Barik, Saroj Kanta; Brown, Hugh; Brunner, Andreas; Burton, Philip J.; Coll, Lluis; D'Amato, Anthony W.; Diaci, Jurij; Dorji, Yonten; Foli, Ernest G.; Ganz, David J.; Hall, Jefferson S.; Keenan, Rodney; et. al.


Purpose of ReviewForests support most global terrestrial biodiversity and contribute to the livelihood of billions of people, but these and other benefits are in jeopardy due to global change. This leads to questions, such as how to address the challenges of global change in forest management, given the lack of knowledge and deep uncertainty about future developments. In addition, many of the impediments to implement adaptation strategies are unknown.Recent FindingsHere, we present an overview of results from a global survey of 754 forestry professionals (370 researchers and educators, 227 practicing foresters, 37 policymakers, 64 administrators, and 56 with other or unspecified roles) from 61 countries across 6 continents who were interested in global change issues. These professionals were asked about their opinion regarding three different adaptation strategies: resist, adapt, and transform. Most respondents agreed that the majority of global change factors will negatively influence the ability of forests to provide desired ecosystem services. Similarly, they agreed about major challenges when implementing adaptation strategies and specifically whether our current knowledge base is sufficient. These concerns were not limited to ecological aspects, but respondents also highlighted the need for a better appreciation of social/political and economic barriers, especially regarding transformation strategies. In addition, the response patterns, including differences due to economic status, highlight the importance of developing and evaluating adaptation strategies in a local social-ecological context.SummaryOur study demonstrates a widespread perception on the part of forestry professionals around the world, especially among researchers and practitioners, that many global change factors will affect sustainable forest management negatively, resulting in the need for active silvicultural adaption. The results also suggest potential barriers to different adaptation strategies, particularly a relative lack of information and social acceptance for transform strategies. Further, this study highlights the importance of social and political factors and the need to understand the general public's values regarding adaptation strategies as well as how the influence of public opinion is perceived by forest managers.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:001101127500001 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 9
Número: 6
Fecha de publicación: 2023
Página de inicio: 473
Página final: 489


Notas: ISI