Endocrine changes during pregnancy, parturition and post-partum in guanacos (Lama guanicoe)
Plasma concentrations of progesterone (P4), estradiol-17ß (E2), estrone (E1) and estrone sulfate (E1S) were measured during gestation in eight guanacos kept in captivity. Gestational length was 346.1 ± 9.8 days. P4 plasma concentrations increased after ovulation and remained elevated until parturition. However, during the last 4 weeks of gestation, a gradual decrease from 4.17 × 1.17±1 nmol/L to 2.02 × 1.95±1 nmol/L on day 5 before parturition was observed, followed by a more abrupt final decline to baseline concentrations which were reached on the day after parturition. Mean E2 plasma concentrations started to increase during the eighth month of gestation, and were significantly elevated up to maximum concentrations of 484.7 × 1.21±1 pmol/L during the last 2 months of pregnancy. Concentrations returned to baseline during the last 2 days of gestation. An increase of E1S concentrations (p < 0.01) was observed in the eleventh month of gestation. Mean E1S concentrations remained rather constant during the last 3 weeks of gestation between 4 to 8 nmol/L until parturition, when a steep precipitous decline was observed. E1 concentrations were slightly elevated during the last 4 weeks of gestation, however, maximum concentrations did not exceed 1.5 nmol/L. The results show distinct species specific features of gestational steroid hormone profiles in the guanaco in comparison to domestic South American camelids, such as a more pronounced gradual prepartal decrease of P4 concentrations prior to the final decline to baseline, and clearly lesser E1S concentrations during the last 4 weeks of gestation, which lack a continuous prepartal increase. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Título según WOS:||Endocrine changes during pregnancy, parturition and post-partum in guanacos (Lama guanicoe)|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Endocrine changes during pregnancy, parturition and post-partum in guanacos (Lama guanicoe)|
|Título de la Revista:||ANIMAL REPRODUCTION SCIENCE|
|Editorial:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Fecha de publicación:||2009|
|Página de inicio:||318|