Gap Junctions at the Dendritic Cell-T Cell Interface Are Key Elements for Antigen-Dependent T Cell Activation

Elgueta R.; Tobar, JA; Shoji, KF; De Calisto, J.; Kalergis, AM; Bono, MR.; Rosemblatt, M.; Sáez JC


The acquired immune response begins with Ag presentation by dendritic cells (DCs) to naive T cells in a heterocellular cell-cell contact-dependent process. Although both DCs and T cells are known to express connexin43, a gap junction protein subunit, the role of connexin43 on the initiation of T cell responses remains to be elucidated. In the present work, we report the formation of gap junctions between DCs and T cells and their role on T cell activation during Ag presentation by DCs. In cocultures of DCs and T cells, Lucifer yellow microinjected into DCs is transferred to adjacent transgenic CD4+ T cells, only if the specific antigenic peptide was present at least during the first 24 h of cocultures. This dye transfer was sensitive to gap junction blockers, such as oleamide, and small peptides containing the extracellular loop sequences of conexin. Furthermore, in this system, gap junction blockers drastically reduced T cell activation as reflected by lower proliferation, CD69 expression, and IL-2 secretion. This lower T cell activation produced by gap junction blockers was not due to a lower expression of CD80, CD86, CD40, and MHC-II on DCs. Furthermore, gap junction blocker did not affect polyclonal activation of T cell induced with anti-CD3 plus anti-CD28 Abs in the absence of DCs. These results strongly suggest that functional gap junctions assemble at the interface between DCs and T cells during Ag presentation and that they play an essential role in T cell activation. Copyright © 2009 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.

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Título según WOS: Gap Junctions at the Dendritic Cell-T Cell Interface Are Key Elements for Antigen-Dependent T Cell Activation
Título según SCOPUS: Gap junctions at the dendritic cell-T cell interface are key elements for antigen-dependent T cell activation
Título de la Revista: JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY
Volumen: 183
Número: 1
Fecha de publicación: 2009
Página de inicio: 277
Página final: 284
Idioma: English