Basal metabolism is correlated with habitat productivity among populations of degus (Octodon degus)

Bozinovic F.; Rojas JM; Broitman, BR; Vasquez, RA

Abstract

Several competing hypotheses attempt to explain how environmental conditions affect mass-independent basal metabolic rate (BMR) in mammals. One of the most inclusive is the hypothesis that associates BMR with food habits, including habitat productivity. The effects of food habits have been widely investigated at the interspecific level, and variation between individuals and populations has been largely ignored. Intraspecific analysis of physiological traits has the potential to compensate for many pitfalls associated with interspecific analyses and serve as a useful approach for evaluating hypotheses regarding metabolic adaptation. Here we tested the effects of climatic variables (mean annual rainfall = PP, mean annual temperature = TA), net primary productivity (NPP) and the de Martonne index (DMi) of aridity on mass-independent BMR among four populations of the caviomorph rodent Octodon degus along a geographic gradient in Chile. BMR was measured on animals maintained in a common garden acclimation set-up, thus kept under the same environment and diet quality for at least 6 months. Mass-independent BMR was significantly different among degu populations showing a large intraspecific spread in metabolic rates. A very large fraction of interpopulational variability in mass-independent BMR was explained by NPP, PP and DMi. Our results were conclusive about the effects of habitat productivity on setting the level of mass-independent BMR at the intraspecific-interpopulational level. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Más información

Título según WOS: Basal metabolism is correlated with habitat productivity among populations of degus (Octodon degus)
Título según SCOPUS: Basal metabolism is correlated with habitat productivity among populations of degus (Octodon degus)
Título de la Revista: COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY A-MOLECULAR INTEGRATIVE PHYSIOLOGY
Volumen: 152
Número: 4
Editorial: Elsevier Science Inc.
Fecha de publicación: 2009
Página de inicio: 560
Página final: 564
Idioma: English
URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1095643309000026
DOI:

10.1016/j.cbpa.2008.12.015

Notas: ISI, SCOPUS