Isolation, characterization and long term preservation of mutant strains of Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous
The yeast Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous is biotechnologically important due to its ability to produce the pigment astaxanthin, but is poorly understood at the genetic level. This is mainly because its preservation is difficult and many of the mutants obtained are unstable. The objectives of the present work were (i) the mutagenesis X. dendrorhous and, (ii) isolation of mutants with auxotrophic markers suitable for genetic studies of the carotenogenesis pathway and sexual cycle. Additionally, two kinds of preservation methods at the laboratory level were tested for the storage of strains. A collection of X. dendrorhous mutants affected in the production of carotenoid pigments or development of sexual structures and auxotrophic requirements were isolated by treatment with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine and the antibiotic nystatin. From a detailed analysis about the requirements of auxotrophic mutants the ARG7, ARG3 and PRO3 loci can be defined in this yeast. Among the methods assayed for the long-term preservation of X. dendrorhous strains, the dehydrated gelatin drop method showed the highest recovery of viable yeast after storage for 65 months. No changes in auxotrophic properties and in macro or micro morphology were observed after applying the latter method. © 2009 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
|Título según WOS:||Isolation, characterization and long term preservation of mutant strains of Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Isolation, characterization and long term preservation of mutant strains of Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous|
|Título de la Revista:||JOURNAL OF BASIC MICROBIOLOGY|
|Fecha de publicación:||2009|
|Página de inicio:||135|