Sperm from Hyh Mice Carrying a Point Mutation in alpha SNAP Have a Defect in Acrosome Reaction
Hydrocephalus with hop gait (hyh) is a recessive inheritable disease that arose spontaneously in a mouse strain. A missense mutation in the Napa gene that results in the substitution of a methionine for isoleucine at position 105 (M105I) of aSNAP has been detected in these animals. aSNAP is a ubiquitous protein that plays a key role in membrane fusion and exocytosis. In this study, we found that male hyh mice with a mild phenotype produced morphologically normal and motile sperm, but had a strongly reduced fertility. When stimulated with progesterone or A23187 (a calcium ionophore), sperm from these animals had a defective acrosome reaction. It has been reported that the M105I mutation affects the expression but not the function of the protein. Consistent with an hypomorphic phenotype, the testes and epididymides of hyh mice had low amounts of the mutated protein. In contrast, sperm had aSNAP levels indistinguishable from those found in wild type cells, suggesting that the mutated protein is not fully functional for acrosomal exocytosis. Corroborating this possibility, addition of recombinant wild type aSNAP rescued exocytosis in streptolysin O-permeabilized sperm, while the mutant protein was ineffective. Moreover, addition of recombinant aSNAP. M105I inhibited acrosomal exocytosis in permeabilized human and wild type mouse sperm. We conclude that the M105I mutation affects the expression and also the function of aSNAP, and that a fully functional aSNAP is necessary for acrosomal exocytosis, a key event in fertilization. © 2009 Bátiz et al.
|Título según WOS:||Sperm from Hyh Mice Carrying a Point Mutation in alpha SNAP Have a Defect in Acrosome Reaction|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Sperm from Hyh mice carrying a point mutation in ?SNAP have a defect in acrosome reaction|
|Título de la Revista:||PLOS ONE|
|Editorial:||PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE|
|Fecha de publicación:||2009|